HU - Hydrogeologie und Umwelt

Zeitschrift des Lehr- und Forschungsbereichs Hydrogeologie und Umwelt (ISSN 09309-3757)

Redaktion: BGI, Greisingstr. 8, D-97074 Würzburg

Inhalt ... Bestellung
 
 
Heft-Nr. 33 (2005)


Heft 33, S. (14) 1-25: 




Kurzfassung - Abstract



Heft 33, S. (14) 1-25: 

Natural, induced and Environmental hazards along the Dead Sea coast, Jordan

[Natürliche und anthropgene Umweltrisiken entlang der Küste des Toten Meeres, Jordanien]

N. Abou Karaki, D. Closson, E. Salameh, M. de Schoutheete de Tervarent, M. Barjous


Abstract:
The Dead Sea is the terminal lake of a drainage area almost equivalent to the size of Switzerland. This enclosed basin appears to be very suitable for the study of the impacts of human activity as well as global changes on the dynamic of natural equilibrium. The present-day landscape of the Dead Sea is the result of complex interactions. Its interpretation enables us to shed light on the geological processes at work for millennia and the human-induced ones prevailing for the last four decades. Since the 1960s, irrigated agricultural and industrial activities were in continuous development almost everywhere within the drainage basin. Accordingly, a new hydrological disequilibrium has been developing and sinkholes, landslides and subsidence hazards have been added to the recurring threats of earthquakes and related phenomena such as soil liquefaction. Over the last few years, tourist resorts have been spreading along parts of the Dead Sea shore.
In this paper, the geological hazards encountered along the 80 kilometres of the Jordanian Dead Sea coast are located, described and explained whenever possible.



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